Daily multivitamin may protect against cognitive decline in older adults

Daily multivitamin may protect against cognitive decline in older adults

Physician Information Staff

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 21, 2022 (HealthDay News) — A daily multivitamin may provide cognitive benefits for older adults, according to research published online Sept. 21, 2022. 14 in Alzheimer’s and dementia.

Laura D. Baker, Ph.D., of Wake Forest University School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and colleagues evaluated whether daily use of cocoa extract (containing 500 mg/day of flavanols ) versus placebo and a commercial mineral multivitamin (MVM) versus placebo improved cognition in 2,262 elderly women and men (mean age, 73 years).

Researchers found that cocoa extract had no effect on overall cognition. However, compared to placebo, daily MVM supplementation resulted in a statistically significant benefit on global cognition, with a more pronounced effect in participants with a history of cardiovascular disease. The benefits of MVM have also been observed for memory and executive functions. No significant interaction was observed between cocoa extract and MVM for any of the cognitive composites.

“Our study showed that although cocoa extract did not affect cognition, daily multivitamin and mineral supplementation resulted in statistically significant cognitive improvement. This is the first evidence of a cognitive benefit in a large longer-term study of multivitamin supplementation in the elderly,” Baker said. in a report. “It is too early to recommend daily multivitamin supplementation to prevent cognitive decline. While these preliminary results are promising, further research is needed in a larger and more diverse group of people.”

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